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Rabbit Anti-Tau antibody (bs-0157R)
訂購熱線:400-901-9800
訂購郵箱:[email protected]
訂購傳真:010-58129612
技術支持:[email protected]
說明書: 50ul  100ul  200ul
50ul/980.00元
100ul/1680.00元
200ul/2480.00元
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產品編號 bs-0157R
英文名稱 Tau
中文名稱 微管相關蛋白抗體
別    名 MAPT; Microtuble-associted protein Tau; AI413597; AW045860; DDPAC; Disinhibition dementia parkinsonism amyotrophy complex; FLJ31424; FTDP 17; FTDP17; G Protein beta 1 gamma 2 subunit interacting factor 1; G protein beta1/gamma2 subunit interacting factor 1; MAPTL; MGC134287; MGC138549; MGC156663; Microtubule associated protein tau isoform 4; MSTD; Mtapt; MTBT1; MTBT2; Neurofibrillary tangle protein; Paired helical filament tau; PHF tau; PHF-tau; PPND; pTau; RNPTAU; Tauopathy and respiratory failure, included; TAU_HUMAN.  
Specific References  (4)     |     bs-0157R has been referenced in 4 publications.
[IF=1.373] Yu et al. Combinated transplantation of neural stem cells and collagen type I promote functional recovery after cerebral ischemia in rats. (2010) Anat.Rec.(Hoboken). 293:911-7  IHC ;  Rat.  
[IF=1.89] Ku et al. Synergistic effects of particulate matter (PM2.5) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) on neurodegeneration via the microRNA-mediated regulation of tau phosphorylation. (2017) Toxicol.Res.(Camb). 6:7-16  WB ;  Mouse.  
[IF=3.517] Chen YC et al. Indole Compound NC009-1 Augments APOE and TRKA in Alzheimer's Disease Cell and Mouse Models for Neuroprotection and Cognitive Improvement. J Alzheimers Dis. 2019;67(2):737-756.  IHC ;  Mouse.  
[IF=1.445] Li YH et al. Neuroprotective Effect of Fructus broussonetiae on APP/PS1 Mice via Upregulation of AKT/β-Catenin Signaling. Chin J Integr Med. 2020 Jan 4.   WB ;  Mouse&Rat.  
研究領域 細胞生物  神經生物學  信號轉導  細胞凋亡  
抗體來源 Rabbit
克隆類型 Polyclonal
交叉反應 Human, Mouse, Rat,  (predicted: Rabbit, )
產品應用 WB=1:500-2000 ELISA=1:500-1000 IHC-P=1:100-500 IHC-F=1:100-500 Flow-Cyt=1μg/Test IF=1:100-500 (石蠟切片需做抗原修復)
not yet tested in other applications.
optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
分 子 量 52/79kDa
細胞定位 細胞漿 細胞膜 
性    狀 Liquid
濃    度 1mg/ml
免 疫 原 KLH conjugated synthetic peptide derived from human Tau protein:681-758/758 
亞    型 IgG
純化方法 affinity purified by Protein A
儲 存 液 0.01M TBS(pH7.4) with 1% BSA, 0.03% Proclin300 and 50% Glycerol.
保存條件 Shipped at 4℃. Store at -20 °C for one year. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.
PubMed PubMed
產品介紹 Tau proteins are important Promotes microtubule assembly and stability, and might be involved in the establishment and maintenance of neuronal polarity. The C-terminus binds axonal microtubules while the N-terminus binds neural plasma membrane components, suggesting that tau functions as a linker protein between both. Axonal polarity is predetermined by tau localization (in the neuronal cell) in the domain of the cell body defined by the centrosome. The short isoforms allow plasticity of the cytoskeleton whereas the longer isoforms may preferentially play a role in its stabilization. Tau proteins subcellular located in the axons of neurons, in the cytoso l and in association with plasma membrane components. It expressed in neurons. PNS-tau is expressed in the peripheral nervous system while the others are expressed in the central nervous system.

Function:
Promotes microtubule assembly and stability, and might be involved in the establishment and maintenance of neuronal polarity. The C-terminus binds axonal microtubules while the N-terminus binds neural plasma membrane components, suggesting that tau functions as a linker protein between both. Axonal polarity is predetermined by TAU/MAPT localization (in the neuronal cell) in the domain of the cell body defined by the centrosome. The short isoforms allow plasticity of the cytoskeleton whereas the longer isoforms may preferentially play a role in its stabilization.

Subunit:
Interacts with PSMC2 through SQSTM. Interacts with SQSTM1 when polyubiquitinated. Interacts with FKBP4. Binds to CSNK1D. Interacts with SGK1.

Subcellular Location:
Cytoplasm, cytosol. Cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Cytoplasmic side. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Cell projection, axon. Note=Mostly found in the axons of neurons, in the cytosol and in association with plasma membrane components.

Tissue Specificity:
Expressed in neurons. Isoform PNS-tau is expressed in the peripheral nervous system while the others are expressed in the central nervous system.

Post-translational modifications:
Phosphorylation at serine and threonine residues in S-P or T-P motifs by proline-directed protein kinases (PDPK1: CDK1, CDK5, GSK3, MAPK) (only 2-3 sites per protein in interphase, seven-fold increase in mitosis, and in the form associated with paired helical filaments (PHF-tau)), and at serine residues in K-X-G-S motifs by MAP/microtubule affinity-regulating kinase (MARK1 or MARK2), causing detachment from microtubules, and their disassembly. Phosphorylation decreases with age. Phosphorylation within tau/MAP's repeat domain or in flanking regions seems to reduce tAU/MAP's interaction with, respectively, microtubules or plasma membrane components. Phosphorylation on Ser-610, Ser-622, Ser-641 and Ser-673 in several isoforms during mitosis. Phosphorylation at Ser-548 by GSK3B reduces ability to bind and stabilize microtubules. Phosphorylation at Ser-579 by BRSK1 and BRSK2 in neurons affects ability to bind microtubules and plays a role in neuron polarization. Phosphorylated at Ser-554, Ser-579, Ser-602, Ser-606 and Ser-669 by PHK. Phosphorylation at Ser-214 by SGK1 mediates microtubule depolymerization and neurite formation in hippocampal neurons. There is a reciprocal down-regulation of phosphorylation and O-GlcNAcylation. Phosphorylation on Ser-717 completely abolishes the O-GlcNAcylation on this site, while phosphorylation on Ser-713 and Ser-721 reduces glycosylation by a factor of 2 and 4 respectively. Phosphorylation on Ser-721 is reduced by about 41.5% by GlcNAcylation on Ser-717.
Polyubiquitinated. Requires functional TRAF6 and may provoke SQSTM1-dependent degradation by the proteasome. PHF-tau can be modified by three different forms of polyubiquitination. 'Lys-48'-linked polyubiquitination is the major form, 'Lys-6'-linked and 'Lys-11'-linked polyubiquitination also occur.
O-glycosylated. O-GlcNAcylation content is around 8.2%. There is reciprocal down-regulation of phosphorylation and O-GlcNAcylation. Phosphorylation on Ser-717 completely abolishes the O-GlcNAcylation on this site, while phosphorylation on Ser-713 and Ser-721 reduces O-GlcNAcylation by a factor of 2 and 4 respectively. O-GlcNAcylation on Ser-717 decreases the phosphorylation on Ser-721 by about 41.5%.
Glycation of PHF-tau, but not normal brain TAU/MAPT. Glycation is a non-enzymatic post-translational modification that involves a covalent linkage between a sugar and an amino group of a protein molecule forming ketoamine. Subsequent oxidation, fragmentation and/or cross-linking of ketoamine leads to the production of advanced glycation endproducts (AGES). Glycation may play a role in stabilizing PHF aggregation leading to tangle

DISEASE:
Note=In Alzheimer disease, the neuronal cytoskeleton in the brain is progressively disrupted and replaced by tangles of paired helical filaments (PHF) and straight filaments, mainly composed of hyperphosphorylated forms of TAU (PHF-TAU or AD P-TAU). O-GlcNAcylation is greatly reduced in Alzheimer disease brain cerebral cortex leading to an increase in TAU/MAPT phosphorylations.
Defects in MAPT are a cause of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) [MIM:600274]; also called frontotemporal dementia (FTD), pallido-ponto-nigral degeneration (PPND) or historically termed Pick complex. This form of frontotemporal dementia is characterized by presenile dementia with behavioral changes, deterioration of cognitive capacities and loss of memory. In some cases, parkinsonian symptoms are prominent. Neuropathological changes include frontotemporal atrophy often associated with atrophy of the basal ganglia, substantia nigra, amygdala. In most cases, protein tau deposits are found in glial cells and/or neurons.
Defects in MAPT are a cause of Pick disease of the brain (PIDB) [MIM:172700]. It is a rare form of dementia pathologically defined by severe atrophy, neuronal loss and gliosis. It is characterized by the occurrence of tau-positive inclusions, swollen neurons (Pick cells) and argentophilic neuronal inclusions known as Pick bodies that disproportionally affect the frontal and temporal cortical regions. Clinical features include aphasia, apraxia, confusion, anomia, memory loss and personality deterioration.
Note=Defects in MAPT are a cause of corticobasal degeneration (CBD). It is marked by extrapyramidal signs and apraxia and can be associated with memory loss. Neuropathologic features may overlap Alzheimer disease, progressive supranuclear palsy, and Parkinson disease.
Defects in MAPT are a cause of progressive supranuclear palsy type 1 (PSNP1) [MIM:601104]; also abbreviated as PSP and also known as Steele-Richardson-Olszewski syndrome. PSNP1 is characterized by akinetic-rigid syndrome, supranuclear gaze palsy, pyramidal tract dysfunction, pseudobulbar signs and cognitive capacities deterioration. Neurofibrillary tangles and gliosis but no amyloid plaques are found in diseased brains. Most cases appear to be sporadic, with a significant association with a common haplotype including the MAPT gene and the flanking regions. Familial cases show an autosomal dominant pattern of transmission with incomplete penetrance; genetic analysis of a few cases showed the occurrence of tau mutations, including a deletion of Asn-613.
Defects in MAPT are a cause of Parkinson-dementia syndrome (PARDE) [MIM:260540]. A syndrome characterized by parkinsonism tremor, rigidity, dementia, ophthalmoparesis and pyramidal signs. Neurofibrillary degeneration occurs in the hippocampus, basal ganglia and brainstem nuclei.

Similarity:
Contains 4 Tau/MAP repeats.

SWISS:
P10636

Gene ID:
4137

Database links:

Entrez Gene: 281296 Cow

Entrez Gene: 4137 Human

Entrez Gene: 17762 Mouse

Entrez Gene: 29477 Rat

Omim: 157140 Human

SwissProt: P29172 Cow

SwissProt: P10636 Human

SwissProt: P10637 Mouse

SwissProt: P19332 Rat

Unigene: 101174 Human

Unigene: 1287 Mouse

Unigene: 2455 Rat




Important Note:
This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications.

tau蛋白是腦內神經元細胞支架蛋白之一.其正常功能是促進微管蛋白組成微管,并維持已形成微管的穩定性.參與維持細胞形態、信息傳遞、細胞分裂等重要生物學過程,是軸突生長發育和神經元極性形成的不可缺少因素.
近年來發現tau蛋白與一些中樞神經系統變性疾病密切相關,尤其是神經Tau具有啟動微管系統的裝配以及穩定微管系統的作用,該蛋白的錯誤折疊與老年性癡呆等神經退行性疾病密切相關.
產品圖片
Sample:
Brain (Mouse) Lysate at 40 ug
Brain (Rat) Lysate at 40 ug
A549(Human) Cell Lysate at 40 ug
Primary: Anti-Tau (bs-0157R) at 1/300 dilution
Secondary: IRDye800CW Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG at 1/20000 dilution
Predicted band size: 79 kD
Observed band size: 52/135 kD
Sample:
Cerebellum(Mouse) Lysate at 40 ug
Cerebellum(Rat) Lysate at 40 ug
BV2(Mouse) Cell Lysate at 40 ug
A549(Human) Cell Lysate at 40 ug
RSC96(Rat) CellLysate at 40 ug
VSC4.1(Rat) Cell Lysate at 40 ug
Primary: Anti-Tau (bs-0157R) at 1/300 dilution
Secondary: IRDye800CW Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG at 1/20000 dilution
Predicted band size: 79 kD
Observed band size: 52/135 kD
Sample:
Lane 1: Cerebrum (Rat) Lysate at 40 ug
Lane 2: Cerebrum (Mouse) Lysate at 40 ug
Lane 3: Cerebellum (Rat) Lysate at 40 ug
Lane 4: Cerebellum (Mouse) Lysate at 40 ug
Primary: Anti-Tau (bs-0157R) at 1/1000 dilution
Secondary: IRDye800CW Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG at 1/20000 dilution
Predicted band size: 50-70 kD
Observed band size: 50 kD
Sample:
Hippocampus (Rat) Lysate at 40 ug
Primary: Anti- Tau (bs-0157R) at 1/1000 dilution
Secondary: IRDye800CW Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG at 1/20000 dilution
Predicted band size: 52/79 kD
Observed band size: 52 kD
Paraformaldehyde-fixed, paraffin embedded (mouse brain tissue); Antigen retrieval by boiling in sodium citrate buffer (pH6.0) for 15min; Block endogenous peroxidase by 3% hydrogen peroxide for 20 minutes; Blocking buffer (normal goat serum) at 37°C for 30min; Antibody incubation with (Tau) Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated (bs-0157R) at 1:200 overnight at 4°C, followed by operating according to SP Kit(Rabbit) (sp-0023) instructionsand DAB staining.
Paraformaldehyde-fixed, paraffin embedded (rat brain tissue); Antigen retrieval by boiling in sodium citrate buffer (pH6.0) for 15min; Block endogenous peroxidase by 3% hydrogen peroxide for 20 minutes; Blocking buffer (normal goat serum) at 37°C for 30min; Antibody incubation with (Tau) Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated (bs-0157R) at 1:200 overnight at 4°C, followed by operating according to SP Kit(Rabbit) (sp-0023) instructionsand DAB staining.
Blank control (blue line): MCF7 (blue).
Primary Antibody (green line): Rabbit Anti-Tau antibody (bs-0157R)
Dilution: 0.2μg /10^6 cells;
Isotype Control Antibody (orange line): Rabbit IgG .
Secondary Antibody (white blue line): Goat anti-rabbit IgG-FITC
Dilution: 1μg /test.
Protocol
The cells were fixed with 80% ethanol (Overnight at 4℃) and then permeabilized with 90% ice-cold methanol for 30 min on ice. Cells stained with Primary Antibody for 30 min at room temperature. The cells were then incubated in 1 X PBS/2%BSA/10% goat serum to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followed by the antibody for 15 min at room temperature. The secondary antibody used for 40 min at room temperature. Acquisition of 20,000 events was performed.
Tissue/cell: rat brain tissue; 4% Paraformaldehyde-fixed and paraffin-embedded;
Antigen retrieval: citrate buffer ( 0.01M, pH 6.0 ), Boiling bathing for 15min; Block endogenous peroxidase by 3% Hydrogen peroxide for 30min; Blocking buffer (normal goat serum,C-0005) at 37℃ for 20 min;
Incubation: Anti-Tau protein Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated(bs-0157R) 1:200, overnight at 4°C, followed by conjugation to the secondary antibody(SP-0023) and DAB(C-0010) staining
Tissue/cell: Rat brain tissue;4% Paraformaldehyde-fixed and paraffin-embedded;
Antigen retrieval: citrate buffer ( 0.01M, pH 6.0 ), Boiling bathing for 15min; Blocking buffer (normal goat serum,C-0005) at 37℃ for 20 min;
Incubation: Anti-MAPT Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated(bs-0157R) 1:200, overnight at 4°C; The secondary antibody was Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG, Cy3 conjugated(bs-0295G-Cy3)used at 1:200 dilution for 40 minutes at 37°C. DAPI(5ug/ml,blue,C-0033) was used to stain the cell nuclei
Positive control: MCF 7 cells(blue)
(Ice-cold 70% ethanol was added and the cells were incubated for overnight at 4 °C, and then resuspended in ice-cold 90% methanol for 30 min on ice)
Primary Antibody:Rabbit Anti-Tau antibody (bs-0157R,green)
Isotype Control Antibody: Rabbit IgG(bs-0295P,orange)
Secondary Antibody: F(ab’)2 fragment goat anti-rabbit IgG-FITC(White blue)
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